Cancer Screening

timline: {}

Be clear on cancer

Cancer is a major cause of early death in Leicester. Many cancers are treatable if they are diagnosed early enough and we are encouraging local residents to learn what signs and symptoms to look out for and to go to their GP straight away if they have any of the symptoms.

Find out more today:

Breast cancer

Bowel cancer

Lung cancer

Lung cancer and smoking

Testicular cancer

Useful links


Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK. About 48,000 women get breast cancer in Britain each year. Most (eight out of 10) are over 50, but younger women, and in rare cases, men, can also get breast cancer.

The first symptom of breast cancer most women notice is a lump or an area of thickened tissue in their breast. Most lumps (90%) are not cancerous, but it is always best to have them checked by your doctor.

See your GP if you notice any of the following:

  • A lump or area of thickened tissue in either breast
  • A change in the size or shape of one or both breasts
  • Discharge from either of your nipples (which may be streaked with blood)
  • A lump or swelling in either of your armpits
  • Dimpling on the skin of your breasts
  • A rash on or around your nipple
  • A change in the appearance of your nipple, such as becoming sunken into your breast
  • Pain in either of your breasts or armpits not related to your period

Find out more information:

Find out more about Breast cancer support services near you


Bowel cancer

Bowel cancer is England’s second most common cancer, with around 33,000 new cases each year. It affects both men and women and is responsible for more than 13,000 deaths a year. Nine out of ten people diagnosed with bowel cancer are aged over 55 and those with a family history are at more risk.  

General awareness of the early symptoms is low, but early detection of bowel cancer makes it more treatable. It is estimated that 1,700 additional lives could be saved each year if England’s bowel cancer survival rate matched the best in Europe. The early symptoms of bowel cancer can include changes in your bowel habits. Finding it early makes it more treatable, and could save your life.

If you've had blood in your poo or looser poo for 3 weeks, your doctor wants to know. Chances are it's nothing to worry about, but it could be the early signs of bowel cancer, so tell your doctor. It might save your life.

The other signs and symptoms of bowel cancer are:

  • A change to more frequent bowel motions that lasts longer than 6 weeks
  • Blood in your stools
  • An unusual lump or swelling anywhere on your body
  • An unexplained pain or ache that lasts longer than 4 weeks
  • Unexplained weight loss or heavy night sweats

For more information visit


Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common and serious types of cancer.There are usually no signs or symptoms in the early stages of lung cancer. However, symptoms develop as the disease progresses.

The main symptoms of lung cancer are listed below. If you have any of these, you must see your GP:

  • A cough that doesn’t go away after two to three weeks
  • A long-standing cough that gets worse
  • Persistent chest infections
  • Coughing up blood
  • Unexplained persistent breathlessness
  • Unexplained persistent tiredness or lack of energy
  • Unexplained persistent weight loss
  • Persistent chest or shoulder pain

Less common symptoms of lung cancer include:

  • Changes in the appearance of your fingers, such as becoming more curved or their ends becoming larger (this is known as finger clubbing)
  • A high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above 
  • Difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing
  • Wheezing
  • A hoarse voice 
  • Swelling of your face

Find out more information:


Lung cancer and smoking

Lung cancer is the UK's biggest cancer killer but did you know that smoking is the single greatest avoidable risk factor for cancer? Smoking causes 90% of lung cancers in men and up to 86% of cases in women.

With cigarettes containing over 4,000 toxic chemicals, 50 of which cause cancer, it’s never too late to stop smoking…

  • Within the first 24 hours your blood pressure and lungs will be showing improvement.
  • After three months your circulation and breathing should have improved noticeably.
  • After five years, your risk of having a heart attack falls to about half that of a smoker.
  • After ten years, your risk of lung cancer falls to about half that of a smoker.

Quitting may seem daunting but there is plenty of support available including websites, telephone advice and one-to-one support.

Why not start by calling the NHS Smoking Helpline on 0800 022 4 332. They can help you decide on the best way to quit and provide information about your nearest services.

You can also visit to find out more information about the effects of smoking and the range of support on offer.


Testicular cancer

Cancer of the testicles, also known as testicular cancer, is one of the less common cancers. It usually affects younger men between the ages of 15 and 44.

The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump or swelling in one of your testicles.

The lump or swelling can be about the size of a pea, but may be larger.

Most testicular lumps or swellings are not a sign of cancer. But they should never be ignored. You should visit your GP as soon as you notice a lump or swelling in one of your testicles.

Testicular cancer can also cause other symptoms including:

  • A dull ache or sharp pain in your testicles or scrotum, which may come and go
  • A feeling of heaviness in your scrotum
  • A dull ache in your lower abdomen (stomach area)
  • A sudden collection of fluid in your scrotum (hydrocele)
  • Fatigue
  • A general feeling of being unwell

It is very important to visit your GP as soon as you notice any lump or swelling on your testicle. Your GP will examine your testicles to help determine whether or not the lump is cancerous.

Research has shown that less than 4% of testicular lumps are cancerous. For example, varicoceles (swollen blood vessels) are a common cause of testicular lumps. In the unlikely event that you do have testicular cancer, the sooner treatment begins, the greater the likelihood you will be completely cured.

Find out more information:


Other useful links

Please note that WL CCG accepts no responsibility for the content or accuracy of external websites.